Scalby and Its War Shrine

Scalby is about 3 miles north of Scarborough.

St Laurence’s Church is the oldest building in the village.  The parish boundary, at one time, stretched from just north of Ravenscar in the north down to the boundary of St Mary’s, Scarborough, in the south.

Scalby War Shrine 1918

In common with towns and villages all over the UK, Scalby had a war shrine a few years before the stone war memorial was erected in the churchyard.  The war shrine stood on the High Street opposite the building that is now St Laurence’s vicarage, on the grass next to the Jubilee fountain.  It was described in the local newspaper as, “A handsome shrine in woodwork, appropriately decorated in an ecclesiastical design”, and was the work of a Birmingham firm that specialised in such items.  It was unveiled in January 1918 by Mrs Ethel Wordsworth, wife of Captain (later Sir) William Henry Laycock Wordsworth. Captain Wordsworth had presented the monument to the village and it bore the names of 195 people, including 2 women, who had been in action in a variety of ways during the war.

Captain Wordsworth was a prominent local character, active on the parish council and at St Laurence’s Church.  He had lived with his younger brother John Lionel at Glen Park. (This house is the large building, now known as The Glen on Hay Brow Crescent, currently divided into more than one dwelling.) Mrs Ethel Wordsworth was one of the Rudgard family who lived at Scalby Hall, off Scalby Beck Road. Scalby Hall is also still standing but has been split into flats..

Both the Wordsworth and Rudyard families donated handsome large memorial windows to St Laurence’s in what worshippers refer to as ‘the side chapel’. This chapel was built in 1859, and is formally known as St Michael and All Angels’ Chapel.  The largest window in the south wall (next to the entrance door) is a memorial to Captain J. Lionel Wordsworth of the 5th Royal Irish Lancers. The window behind the altar was placed there in memory of Mrs (Later Lady) Wordsworth’s parents, Richard and Jane Eliza Rudgard.

Twenty of the men on the war shrine had been killed in action or died of wounds, including seven whose names do not appear on the stone war memorial in the churchyard. The stone war memorial was unveiled in April 1921.  The reasons for the delay in organising this are not currently known.

The Bishop of Hull presided over the 1918 service to celebrate the unveiling of the war shrine. A local paper reorted that he said that they had done well to record for all time in their midst those who had given up all for their fellows and in that wonderful way. The Bishop believed that the fallen had brought themselves more and more closely into the image of Him, the perfect Man, who gave up all for us.  He concluded by making a plea for “that unity of spirit which was characterised by the presence there that day side by side of church and chapel”.

The Bishop added that the last lap of any race was always the heaviest and reminded his listeners it was then that they needed perseverance, and a fixing of the eye on the goal they had set out to reach.  The Allies were now in the last lap of the war, and he urged all to be steadfast to the end.  The village’s Primitive Methodist minister, Rev. H. Fox agreed, but warned that the time would come when victory would have been achieved, but England would not necessarily be saved. If we were to be worthy of the service and the sacrifice that were being rendered on our behalf, people should recognise that the only memorial worthy of these great men was the building up of “An English life informed and inspired by the great Christian ideas”.

The following month the Scarborough Mercury published the following letter, from ‘A serving soldier’s wife.’  Sir – A certain little village not far from our town has lately held a touching and beautiful ceremony, the opening of a war memorial shrine.  The ceremony was carried out in all perfection of detail, nothing that could add to the beauty and pathos of such a service was lacking.  But – and it is indeed a very big “but” – was it fitting that on the shrine itself, dedicated to the memory of our dead heroes, side by side with the immortal names of those who have fallen for their country and their village, should be written the names of those who were indeed slow to hear the call, who fled at the last moment to the Recruiting Office, hounded on by the ugly spectre of Conscription, and those who have never heard a shot fired in action, nor moved from their own firesides?  Now Sir, I ask you, is it fair or fitting that names such as these – and they far exceed in number the names of the honoured dead – should be written on such a roll as this?  Isn’t it rather farcical to imagine the widows and their bereaved mothers coming to lay their tributes of flowers at the feet of Derbyites* and stay at homes?  I grieve to think that what should have been the sacred heart of a village has become a thing of discord and jeering contempt.”  (*Derbyites were medically fit men not in a reserved occupation aged 18-41, asked by Lord Derby, Director of Recruiting, to volunteer for the army prior to the introduction of conscription in January 1916).

The words of the churchmen and soldier’s wife clearly point to tensions prevalent in Scalby at the start of 1918.  Hopefully the letter’s author was placated by the erection of the memorial where parishioners still remember the fallen each Remembrance Sunday in November.


Oliver Parkin Abram – 5th Yorkshire Regiment (Green Howards), enlisted Oct. 1914 when under 16 years of age

Oliver P Abram, Yorkshire Herald, June 1915

Oliver P Abram, Yorkshire Herald, June 1915

Jack Appleby – see separate page

Tom Appleby – Yorkshire Hussars, see page about his brother Jack Appleby

Tom Appleby, Yorkshire Herald, June/July 1915

Tom Appleby, Yorkshire Herald, June/July 1915

Thos. W. Armstrong – see separate page

Edward Atkinson

Joseph K Atkinson

Herbert Barker

George Herbert Bastiman – enlisted in the Royal Marines July 1914

George Bird – see separate page

Norman Bird – does not appear to be a relation of George Bird

Austin Boddy – 21st Bn King’s Royal Rifle Corps (see page on Harry Mitchell)

Bernice Boddy

James Alf Boddy

Walter Boddy

Wilfred Boddy

C Bowes

George Bowman – see separate page

David Boyes – see separate page

G Boyes

Frank Bray

Charles Broughton – of Newby.  Enlisted January 1915 in 10th Canadian Mounted Rifles & later transferred to                                                     Strathcona’s Horse

John Brown

William J Brown

Frank Carr

Tom A Carr – see separate page

Herbert Chadwick

Gilbert Cockerill

William Collinson – possibly the older brother of Frank Collinson (see separate page)

Albert Cook – an A Cook served with 1st West Riding Regiment in France

Arthur Cook – an A Cook served with 1st West Riding Regiment in France

Colin Coulson DCM

G H Cook

J Cook

David R Coulson – served with the Australian Light Horse and in 1915 was doing duty in the Remount Department at Perth, Western Australia

Arnold Coultas

C Ronald Coultas

Reginald Coultas

Horace Cox

Walter Cox

Barnard Dobson

John Douglas

Henry Douglas

James Drummond

Ernest Dugdale

John Robert Dugdale

William Dugdale

Frank A Dunkley

Alexander T Dunkley

Albert C Dunkley

Frank Dunn

Fred Dunn

George Emmerson

Valentine Emmerson

A H Fawcett

G H Fawcett

R Fearnside

Albert Fletcher

Leslie D Fletcher

Frank J Flinton

Israel Flinton

L J Fox

William Forster

 George H Goodwill

Jno. William Goodwill

Frank Hardwick

R Harper

Harry Heath

Alfred Hill

Albert Horsley

H Humpleby

Francis R Hurd

Fred Hurd

George Hurd

Robinson Hurd

E Ingham

O Ingham

James Albert Iveson

Stanley F Jarvis

William Jarvis

William Jennings

Charles Johnson

Elspeth Johnson

J William Johnson

George Johnson

William C Johnson

Harold Jones

Henry F Kidd

A Leadill

William Leadill

S S Lockwood

Willie Lord

A G Lotinga

Chris. Leadley

Fred Lummas

George Lyon

W Lyon

George Mann

HJE Marsden

Harry Mitchell

C Mitchell

W Mitchell

John Wilson Morley

F Moody

Basil Moxon

HR Moxon

Alec McCombie

William McCombie

William Newman

Thomas Nellist

William Nellist

Walter Newham

JH Nicholson MM

MG Norris

Edward C Peacock

Tom Pickering

Frank Power

EW Putman

WE Putman

Louis Raine

Ernest Raney

Stanley Raney

William Ralph

Harold Raw

N Reid

William O Readman

Claude Robinson

George Robinson

Thomas Robinson

Lawrence Rowntree

Ernest H Rudgard

Alfred Hugh Rudgard

CK Ruddock

John Sedman

Ernest H Sellers

Fred Sellers

James Sharp

William Shaw

James Shearsmith

Tom Shearsmith

Bryan Shepherd

George Shepherd

Edward Shepherd

Herbert Shepherd

John Shepherd

William Shepherd

Dickenson Simpson

Charles Sillery

Harry Smith

Robert A Smith

Chris Southwick

Frank Sparkes

John Steel, sen.

Thomas P Steel

William Steel

George Stonehouse

Richard Stonehouse

Harry Taylor

T Taylor

D Tenison

Fred Thompson

Oliver Thompson

Eric Tickle

Gordon Tickle

John D Tickle

Leslie Tickle

Fred Tipping

William Tipping

James Todd

Charles Toft

Harry Toft

George Trattles

William Trattles

George W Turner

Eric Tyson

E M Varley

Cesar Veighe

Robert H Ward

William Ward

John Watson

Arthur Webb

William White

Frank Whittaker

G L Wick

Lionel Wilsher

RHS Wilkinson

Lionel J Wordsworth

WHL Wordsworth

Frank A Wrightson

James Yeoman

Frank Yewdall (Fred?)




See also

One thought on “Scalby and Its War Shrine

  1. I visited your wonderful exhibition today and congratulate everyone involved in putting it on along with the thought provoking ‘Threads of war’ creations. In this centenary year it is important we remember those who gave their lives and the families who suffered from those losses. Well done to you all.

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